For Authors


The manuscript are submited online at: One author, who will serve as a communicating author during the review process has to register/sign up in the Folia Biologica Online Manuscript Submission and Tracking system. This can be done by visiting: and following the instructions.

The corresponding author needs to log to the Folia Biologica Online Submission and Manuscript Tracking System has to validate the registration at:, using computer generated e-mail activation code with details how to create a personal password and confirm it. It is wise to make the password neither obvious nor too complicated. Please keep your login and password secure. You may use the same access for submitting multiple articles. You may change your password and also register for an additional article separately.

Once you have the access to the Folia Biologica Online Submission System, prepare your files according to the Instructions to Authors and submit them using The System. The manuscript status is labeled as Submitted, Under Review, Revision Required, Accepted or Rejected.

In case of problems, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Office of Folia Biologica – Jiří Kábrt, Lucie Šulcová.

Actions necessary for submitting a manuscript:

1) Prepare manuscript files.

a) Manuscript in Microsoft Word program (containing: title page, abstract on the separate page, manuscript text, references, figure legends, tables, and figures)
b) Cover letter with links to corresponding author and special circumstances, you wish to communicate to Editors. Please state any conflicts of interests, people of institutions you do not wish to be involved in the review process or suggest a potential reviewer (expert in the field).
c) Figures (photographs, line drawings, including graphs) should be submitted separately as digital files in sufficient resolution, preferably in the .TIF, .JPG, .GIF or .EPS format. (high resolution figures assembled as expected in printed form, size up to 8 Mb flatted to one layer, 300 dpi or better).

2) Log on Folia Biologica Online Submission system. Click on New manuscript.

3) Fill the manuscript title, add your files using the command Browse, click on the square Figures if figures are included. You can attach a message up to 250 characters to the message window.

4) Click on Add manuscript.
In case of successful submission, the article status should read submitted and corresponding author is receiving a computer generated message.

5) Communications to authors and manuscript status. The manuscript status is visible in the first window. If authors’ action required, an e-mail is sent to the corresponding author.

Publication Fees
To support open access publishing Folia Biologica charges a publication fee of €500 (or equivalents in CZK or US $ specified in Payment Instructions) to all articles submitted and accepted for publishing. This fee is payable after editorial acceptance of manuscripts. Requested articles, letters to the editor, addenda, corrections, and retractions will continue to be published free of charge. The payment may be done by bank transfer or by invoice payment within 15 days following the editorial acceptance of the manuscript. Folia Biologica will send a confirmation email once the payment has been processed, receipts will be available on request. For details of payment see (Payment Instructions). All publication fees are subject to change without prior notice.

Free licence agreement
The author or any other person authorized to handle the copyright (hereinafter referred to as the "author") of the manuscript submitted for publication (hereinafter referred to as the "work") agrees to conclude a free license agreement with the publisher of the journal Folia Biologica (hereinafter referred to as the "publisher"), which occurs when the work is accepted for publication. The right to manage the work, which thus goes to the publisher within the transferable scope, includes the exclusive right of the publisher to use the work for the duration of the copyright, meaning, in particular, its distribution, reproduction and communication to the public in any form, e.g., in print and electronically, including placement in databases, by audiovisual means, and also includes the right to grant a sublicense and advance a license without the author's consent and the right to translate the work. Any use of the work or its parts by the author or by a third party is permissible only with prior written consent from the publisher, with the exception of its personal use by the author, his institution, or users of the work.

Open access policy
Folia Biologica has adopted the Open Access Policy, which allows reading and downloading all published articles to any person. The content of the articles published in Folia Biologica may be referred to in other publications upon the condition that the content is precisely cited and the article is properly referenced.


General guidelines

The text of full-length papers should generally be restricted to 10 printed pages (around 8000 words), whereas the length of Short Communications should be no more than 4 printed pages (around 3200 words): this includes all figures, tables and references. The papers should be submitted in the electronic format (PC-compatible) using Microsoft Word text processor.

Format of papers:

Full-length papers should include the following elements: Title Page; Abstract; Introduction (with heading); Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgement; References.

The Title Page should carry: page heading (running title no more than 60 characters including spaces); title of paper; keywords; Full name (in format: First name Middle initial Surename), of each author; name, city and country of each author’s institution; footnotes: (i) any footnotes regarding funding sources, (ii) full name (first name, middle initials, surname) and postal address of the author to whom the correspondence (including galley proofs) should be directed (Corresponding Author), (iii) alphabetically listed abbreviations.

The second page of the manuscript must contain an Abstract, which should be a single paragraph not exceeding 250 words. In Abstract, do not use standard abbreviations.

Short Communications should follow the same format, except that Results and Discussion are combined into one section. Short Communication must have an abstract.

A limited number of Review articles is published. Reviews are limited to a maximum of 10 printed pages (8000 words, excluding references) and provide focused insight into fast-developing areas. Reviews must be based on published articles and may address any of scope of molecular and cellular biology journal. Authors are encouraged to include figures and tables that aid the understanding of the presented topic.

References should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper and typed double-spaced. First and last page numbers must be given. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the Chemical Abstract Service Source Index.

Examples of the style to be used are:

Every reference has to bring out all names of authors, abbreviations et al. are not acceptable.

References only to Abstracts are excluded.

References in the text should be cited as follows: two authors, Smith and Brown (1984) or (Smith and Brown, 1984); three or more authors, Smith et al. (1984) or (Smith et al., 1984). Reference to papers by the same author(s) in the same year should be distinguished in the text and in the reference list by lower-case letters, e.g. 1980a, or 1980a,b. All equipment and materials used must be identified and specified according to the manufacturer (distributor), including the City and State (in the case of USA abbreviated).

Tables should be typed double-spaced on separate sheets of paper and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Their contents should be self-explanatory and include a brief descriptive title. Lower-case letters should be used to indicate footnotes.

Figures (photographs, line drawings, including graphs) should be supplied as a part of the submitted manuscript (if possible) and submitted also as a separate digital files, preferably in the .TIF, .JPG, .GIF or .EPS format. The resolution of colored and gray scale figures should be at least 300 dpi at final size and 600 dpi for black and white figures. Letters and numbers should be kept uniform and be at least 2 mm high when printed.

Abbreviations. The use of abbreviations should be restricted to SI symbols and those recommended by the IUPAC-IUB. Abbreviations should be defined in brackets on first appearance in the text. Standard units of measurements and chemical symbols of elements may be used without definition.

Galley proofs should be corrected and returned to the Editorial Office within 2 days to Folia Biologica preferably via e-mail or by fax. Changes, additions or deletions should be kept to the minimum.

Ethical guidelines statement: The submitted manuscript must clearly state that all procedures related to use of human subjects and animals was conducted in compliance with ethical guidelines guaranteed by the institutional ethical committee.

Authors may post their own published articles on their personal or university-hosted (but not corporate) websites without prior written permission provided that appropriate credit is given (i.e., either the copyright lines shown on the top of the first page of the PDF version or "Copyright © 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic, [insert journal name, volume number, page numbers, and year]" for the HTML version).

Any part of the content published in Folia Biologica (Praha) may be reproduced only with prior written permission from the publisher.

Ethical guidelines

All authors of a manuscript must have agreed to its submission and are responsible for its content in the initial submission and any subsequent versions. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining agreements and for informing the coauthors of the manuscript's status throughout the submission, review, and publication process. All authors must sign the Declaration of Authors.

The authors guarantee that they have the authority to publish the work reported in the submitted manuscript and that the manuscript, or one with substantially the same content, was not published previously, or is not under consideration to be published elsewhere. By publishing in Folia Biologica, the authors agree that any DNA constructs, DNA sequences, vectors, viruses, bacterial and other microbial strains, mutant bacterial, yeast or animal strains, cell lines, antibodies, and similar materials newly described in the article are available from internationally recognized depositories or will be made available (in reasonable quantities, in a timely fashion, and at reasonable cost) to members of the scientific community for non-commercial purposes. The authors guarantee that they have the authority to comply with this policy either directly or by means of material transfer agreements through the owner. Use of Human Subjects or Animals in Research: The use of human subjects or other animals for research purposes must comply with European (and corresponding USA) laws and guidelines. Manuscripts containing information related to human or animal use should clearly state that all procedures performed throughout the work on the project have complied with ethical guidelines corresponding to relevant laws that were implemented by European Union member states and were included in institutional ethical policies. In case that institutional ethical guidelines for use of human subjects and animals may differ from the ethical guidelines implemented by the states of the European Union (e.g. in the case of research done in countries that are not part of the EU or the USA), authors are responsible for indicating such a situation in the Cover letter and attach the copy of the guidelines that were strictly implemented throughout the reported work.

Folia Biologica publishes only research that is in compliance with the ethical rules covered by laws regulating human and animal research that are covered by laws of the European Union.

Copies of guidelines that were followed throughout the work on the reported work must be provided to the Editor if requested.

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ISSN 0015-5500 (Print) ISSN 2533-7602 (Online)